The longest list of fruits in Korean

Did you learn how to say the names of common vegetables in Korean, yet? Or are you more fond of fruit? A fruitarian, perhaps? 🍓😋❤️ Then knowing the names of fruits is essential for survival. [Additionally, you might want to learn Korean names of seeds, e.g. cereals and beans or nuts. Or if you don’t know how to read Korean yet, here’s a free and easy guide to learning the alphabet!]

Fruits are Korea’s traditional dessert – naturally vegan🌱 and gluten-free🚫🌾! Ironically and sadly, they are often more expensive than processed sweets in Korea… They are indeed valuable treats which are packed with vitamins and energy! The diversity of fruits on earth seems endless! And the Korean peninsula houses its own fruit varieties as well as native wild fruits. What’s your favorite fruit? Wonder whether it is available in Korea or too exotic? ❓ Let’s hear about it! ❗️ Comment below or send me a message!

Below vocabulary list provides the names of fruits in Korean language. 🗒🍎🇰🇷🇰🇵 The structure of this extensive list is based largely on the type of fruit, so you will find fruits grouped as berries🍓, so-called stone fruit🍑, citrus fruit🍋 et cetera.

Now, let’s find out how to talk about fruit and learn important fruit names in Korean! 🔍👀 But before we begin, be aware that edible fruits are referred to as gwa-il 과일! A dictionary will give you more translations for the word “fruit” in Korean, e.g. yeolmae 열매 or gwasil 과실 果實, but those words refer to fruits in the botanical sense – not to food!

⚠️ UPDATE: There are now pictures of food items along with the respective Korean name, pronunciation and English translation. Find the slideshows below!👇

Assortment of seasonal fruits at a local fruit and vegetable store in Seoul, summer 2019.

Names of fruits in Korean

plant-based ingredients 식물성 재료 植物性材料 sikmulseong jaeryo

🍏 apples and pears 🍎🍐

  • 🍎 apple – 사과 sagwa
    • apple cultivar “Fuji” – 부사 (사과) 富士 busa (sagwa) / 후지 사과 huji sagwa
    • crabapple – 능금 neung-geum
    • wild apple – 돌사과 dol-sagwa
    • cultivar of mini apple – 미니사과 mini sagwa
  • 🍐 Korean pear – 배 bae
    • Western-style pear – 서양배 seoyang-bae
    • wild Korean pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) – 돌배 dol-bae
  • 🍎 hawthorn / Chinese shanzha – 산사 山査 sansa
  • 🍏 quince – 모과 mogwa
  • medlar, common medlar (Mespilus germanica) – 양모과 洋-瓜 yangmogwa
  • loquat, Chin. lújú 蘆橘 / 芦橘 (Eriobotrya japonica) – 비파(열매) 枇杷 bipa (yeolmae)

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added soon!

🍓 berries 🍓🍓

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added soon!

  • berries in general – 베리 beri
  • 🍓 strawberry – 딸기 ttalgi
  • blueberry – 블루베리 beulu-beri
  • raspberry – 라즈베리 rajeu-beri
  • blackberry – 블랙베리 beulaek-beri
  • Korean raspberry (Rubus crataegifolius) – 산딸기 san-ttalgi (also 참딸 chamttal / 나무딸기 namu-ttalgi)
  • Korean blackberry, Korean bramble (Rubus coreanus) – 복분자 bokbunja
  • (Rubus pungens var. oldhamii) – 줄딸기 jul-ttalgi / 덩굴딸기 deonggul-ttalgi
  • (Rubus phoenicolasius) – 곰딸기 gom-ttalgi / 붉은가시딸기 bulgeun gasi-ttalgi
  • (Rubus ribisoideus) – 섬딸기 seom-ttalgi
  • (Rubus idaeus var. microphyllus) – 멍덕딸기 meongdeok-ttalgi
  • (Rubus parvifolius) – 멍석딸기 meongseok-ttalgi
  • cranberry – 크랜베리 keuraen-beri
  • five-flavor berry, five-flavor-fruit, magnolia berry (Schisandra chinensis) – 오미자 五味子 omija
  • aronia, chokeberry – 아로니아 aronia
  • goji berry, wolfberry (Lycium chinense) – 구기자 枸杞子 gugija
    • black goji berry, black wolfberry – 블랙고지베리 beulaek goji-beri
  • Japanese silverberry, umbellata oleaster, autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) – 보리수 菩提樹 borisu
  • Japanese cornelian cherry (Cornus officinalis) – 산수유 山茱萸 sansuyu
  • mulberry – 오디 odi
  • mandarin melonberry, cudang, silkworm thorn, Chin. zhè 柘 (Maclura tricuspidata) – 꾸지뽕 kkujippong
  • honeyberry, blue honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea var. edulis) – 댕댕이 daengdaengi / 하니베리 hani-beri

🍊 citrus fruit 🍋🍋

  • 🍊 orange, sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) – 오렌지 orenji
  • 🍋 lemon – 레몬 remon
  • lime – 라임 ra-im
  • grapefruit – 자몽 jamong
  • tangerine, mandarin orange, mandarin (Citrus reticulata) – 귤 橘 gyul / 감귤 柑橘 gamgyul / 밀감 蜜柑 milgam
  • 🍊 variety of mandarin orange Cheonhyehyang – 천혜향 天惠香 cheonhyehyang
  • 🍊 variety of mandarin orange Hwanggeumhyang – 황금향 黃金香 hwanggeumhyang
  • 🍊 variety of mandarin orange Redeuhyang – 레드향 Red香 redeuhyang
  • 🍊 variety of mandarin orange Karahyang – 카라향 Kara香 karahyang
  • 🍊 variety of mandarin orange Hallabong – 한라봉 漢拏峰 hallabong
  • 🍊 yuzu (Citrus junos)- 유자 柚子 yuja
  • 🍊 kumquat (Citrus japonica) – 금귤 金橘 geum-gyul / 낑깡 kkingkkang
  • calamansi – 칼라만시 kallamansi / 깔라만시 kkallamansi

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added soon!

🍒 stone fruit / drupe 🍑🍑

  • 🍑 peach (Prunus persica) – 복숭아 boksunga
    • white-fleshed peach – 백도 白桃 baekdo
    • yellow-fleshed peach – 황도 黃桃 hwangdo
    • hard-fleshed variety of peach – 딱딱이 복숭아 ttakttagi boksunga
    • wild peach (Prunus davidiana) – 돌복숭아 dol-boksunga / 개복숭아 gaeboksunga
  • 🍑 nectarine – 천도 (복숭아) cheondo (boksunga)
  • 🍑 plum – 자두 jadu
    • European plum, prune plum – 서양자두 seoyang jadu / (생)프룬 (saeng) peurun
  • 🍑 apricot (Prunus armeniaca) – 살구 salgu
    • wild apricot (Prunus mandshurica) – 개살구 gaesalgu
  • 🍏 Chinese plum / Japanese apricot, Jap. ume (Prunus mume) – 매실 梅實 maesil
    • green Maesil – 청매실 靑梅實 cheong-maesil
    • red Maesil – 홍매실 紅梅實 hong-maesil
  • 🍒 cherry (Prunus serrulata) – 체리 cheri (uncommon today: 버찌 beojji)
    • Korean wild cherry (Prunus tomentosa) – 앵두 aengdu / 앵도 櫻桃 aengdo

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added soon!

🍉 melon 🍈🍈

  • 🍉 watermelon – 수박 subak
    • mini watermelon – 미니수박 mini subak / 애플수박 aepeul subak / 복수박 bok subak
  • 🍈 muskmelon – 메론 meron / 멜론 mellon
  • 🍈 oriental melon / Korean melon – 참외 chamoe
    • green cultivar of Chamoe – 파파야 참외 papaya chamoe / 파파야 메론 papaya meron
  • 🍈 variety of ball-shaped, pale white melon – 백설메론 baekseol meron
  • 🍈 variety of ball-shaped, yellow melon – 양구메론 yang-gu meron
  • 🥒 bitter melon, Chin. kǔguā 苦瓜 (Momordica charantia) – 여주 yeoju [actually a vegetable]

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added soon!

🍍 tropical fruit 🍌🥭

  • 🍌 banana – 바나나 banana
  • 🍍 pineapple – 파인애플 pa-in-aepeul
  • 🥭 mango – 망고 mang-go
  • mangosteen – 망고스틴 mang-goseutin
  • papaya – 파파야 papaya
  • passion fruit – 패션프루트 paesyeon-peuruteu / 백향과 百香果 baek-hyang-gwa
  • guava – 구아바 guaba
  • noni, great morinda, Indian mulberry, cheese fruit (Morinda citrifolia) – 노니 noni
  • durian – 두리안 durian
  • jackfruit – 잭프루트 jaek-peuruteu
  • rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) – 람부탄 rambutan
  • lychee (Litchi chinensis) – 리치 richi
  • longan (Dimocarpus longan) – 용안 龍眼 yongan / 롱안 rongan / 롱간 rong-gan
  • 🌵 dragon fruit, pitaya – 용과 龍果 yong-gwa
  • 🌵 cactus pear, prickly pear, Barbary fig, fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica
  • 🌵 Korean prickly pear – 백년초 百年草 baeng-nyeoncho
  • 🥑 avocado – 아보카도 abokado

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added soon!

🥝 other fruit 🍇🍅

  • 🥝 kiwi – 키위 kiwi
    • green kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa) – 그린 키위 geurin kiwi
    • gold kiwi, golden kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis) – 골드 키위 goldeu kiwi
    • red kiwi – 레드 키위 redeu kiwi
    • Korean wild kiwi, hardy kiwi, kiwi berries (Actinidia arguta) – 다래 darae
  • 🍇 grapes – 포도 葡萄 podo
    • green grape – 청포도 靑葡萄 cheong podo
    • red grape – 적포도 赤葡萄 jeok podo
    • black grape variety “Campbell’s Early” – 캠벨 (얼리) 포도 kaembel (eolli) podo [most common in South Korea]
    • large purple / black grape variety “Kyoho” – 거봉 巨峰 geobong
    • large green grape variety “Shine Muscat” – 샤인머스켓 sya-in meoseuket
    • small red grape variety “Delaware” – 델라웨어 dellawe-eo
    • Korean wild grapes, crimson glory vine (Vitis coignetiae) – 머루 meoru
  • pomegranate – 석류 seongnyu
  • jujube, Chinese date – 대추 daechu
  • fig – 무화과 無花果 muhwagwa
  • 🌵 Korean prickly pear – 백년초 百年草 baeng-nyeoncho
  • 🍅 persimmon – 감 gam
  • 🍅 tomato – 토마토 tomato [considered as fruit in Korea!]
    • fully ripe, red tomato – 완숙토마토 完熟 wansuk-tomato
    • cultivar of pink-greenish tomato – 찰토마토 chal-tomato
    • cultivar of dark green tomato – 흑토마토 heuk-tomato
    • cultivar of Korean tomato (tastes slightly salty) – 대저토마토 daejeo-tomato / 짭짤이 토마토 jjapjjari-tomato
    • cherry tomato – 방울토마토 bangul-tomato
    • date tomato – 대추(방울)토마토 daechu-(bangul-)tomato
  • Akebia, fruit of chocolate vine – 으름 eureum / 조선 바나나 Joseon banana

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added soon!

🥤 common fruit-related foods

  • 🥤 juice – 주스 juseu (sometimes 쥬스 jyuseu)
    • fruit juice – 과일주스 gwa-il juseu / 과즙 果汁 gwa-jeup
    • fresh fruit juice [usually more like a smoothie], freshly blended fruits – 생과일주스 saeng-gwa-il juseu
    • cold-pressed juice, fruit extract juice – 착즙주스
    • fruit concentrate – 농축과즙
  • 🥤 smoothie – 스무디 seumudi
  • jam – 잼 jaem
  • 🥫 canned fruit preservatives – 과일 통조림 gwa-il tong-jorim
  • 🥫 fruit cocktail – 후르츠칵테일 hureucheukakteil
  • fresh fruit – 생과일 生 saeng gwa-il
  • dried fruit – 건과일 乾 geon gwa-il
    • raisins, dried grapes – 건포도 乾葡萄 geon podo
    • dried jujube – 건대추 geon daechu
    • dried cranberries – 건크랜베리 geon keuraenberi
    • dried five-flavor berry (Schisandra chinensis) – 건오미자 乾五味子 geon omija
    • dried wolfberry, dried goji – 건구기자 乾枸杞子 geon gugija
    • prune, dried plum – 프룬 peurun / 건자두 geon jadu

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added soon!

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✍️ Work is still in progress! This list will be expanded gradually! ✍️

📝 Any questions, comments, vocabulary suggestions and language feedback are welcome! 🤗

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