The largest list of cereals and beans in Korean

After vegetables, fruit, mushrooms and seaweed, how about focusing on grain seeds now? Grains are largely distinguished into cereals and legumes. What are legumes? 🤔 Legumes are plants that produce pulses such as beans, lentils and peas. They are essential sources of nutrients, minerals and flavor – especially for people on a plant-based diet. 💚🌱

And Korea offers a vast diversity of grains! ❤️🧡💛💚💙💜🖤 White bread or plain rice might seem boring, if you have such a large field of tastes and textures to explore! 🤩 Or do you have a gluten intolerance or a soy allergy? Then hopefully you can apply your language skills to identify critical ingredients, when you travel in Korea or shop Korean groceries! Additionally, you can check out the list with Korean names for allergens.

Below word list provides the names of cereals and beans in Korean language. 🗒🌾🇰🇷🇰🇵 Do you know an important ingredient that’s missing? ❓ Let’s add it and make this vocabulary list as extensive as possible! ❗️ Comment below or send me a message!

The vocabulary begins with grains and cereals that are common in Korean cuisine. Afterwards, the Korean names of pulses like beans, lentils and peas are listed. [Some items may appear double when comparing it to this list of nuts and seeds.] Cereals and beans are followed by popular food items, e.g. noodles 🍜, bread 🥪, pizza 🍕, Korean teas 🍵, which are made from those grains and are also worth knowing in Korean language.

Are you hungry (for knowledge), yet? 🧐 Let’s study!! 🤓 And maybe eat something tasty, too. 😋

Containers filled with grains and beans at a traditional Korean market, Seoul 2019.

Names of grains / cereals and beans in Korean

plant-based ingredients 식물성 재료 植物性材料 singmulseong jaeryo

🍚 cereal grains 🌾🌽

  • cereals in general – 곡물 gongmul
    • mixed grains – 잡곡 japgok
  • 🍚 rice – 쌀 ssal (uncooked, raw rice)
    • white rice – 백미 baengmi / 흰쌀 huin-ssal
    • brown rice – 현미 hyeonmi
    • black rice – 흑미 heungmi / 검은쌀 geomeun-ssal / 검정쌀 geomjeong-ssal
    • red-colored rice – 홍국쌀 hong-gukssal
    • non-glutinous rice – 멥쌀 maep-ssal
    • glutinous rice – 찹쌀 chap-ssal
    • glutinous brown rice – 찰현미 chal-hyeonmi
    • glutinous black rice – 찰흑미 chal-heungmi / 찰진주 chal-jinju
    • sprouted brown rice – 발아현미 bara-hyeonmi
    • 🍚 cooked rice – (쌀)밥 (ssal-)bap
  • 🌾 wheat – 소맥 somaek / 밀 mil
    • whole wheat, whole-grain – 통밀 tongmil
  • 🌾 rye – 호밀 homil
  • 🌾 barley – 보리 bori
    • Korean type of barley, “glutinous barley” – 찰보리 chal-bori
  • 🌾 oat – 귀리 gwiri
  • 🌽 corn – 옥수수 oksusu
    • sweet corn – 사탕옥수수 satang-oksusu
    • Korean type of corn, “glutinous corn” – 찰옥수수 chal-oksusu
  • millet – 조 jo
    • Korean type of corn, “glutinous millet” – 차조 chajo
    • proso millet – 기장 gijang
  • sorghum – 수수 susu
  • job’s tear – 율무 yulmu

🌿 Pseudo-cereal grains 🌱🌾

  • buckwheat – 메밀 memil / 모밀 momil
  • quinoa – 퀴노아 kwinoa
  • amaranth – 아마란스 amaranseu
  • chia seeds – 치아씨 chi-assi

🥜 Beans and pulses / grain legumes 🥜🥜

  • beans in general – 콩 kong
  • soy beans – 대두 daedu
    • soy bean sprouts – 콩나물 kongnamul
    • unripe soy beans (like Japanese edamame) – 풋콩 putkong
    • black soy beans – 서리태 seoritae
  • type of white beans – 백태 baektae
  • type of black beans – 흑태 heuktae
  • black beans – 검은콩 geomeun-kong / 검정콩 geomjeong-kong
  • kidney beans – 강낭콩 gang-nang-kong
  • mung beans – 녹두 nokdu
    • mung bean sprouts – 녹두나물 nokdu-namul
  • red beans / Japanese azuki – 팥 pat
  • green peas – 완두콩 wandukong
  • chick peas – 병아리콩 byeong-arikong
  • lentils – 린틸콩 rentil-kong
  • 🥜 peanuts – 땅콩 ttangkong

🥣 Common foods produced from cereals 🧁🍡

  • 🍚 cooked rice – (쌀)밥 ssal-bap
    • cooked white rice – 흰쌀밥 huin-ssal-bap
    • cooked brown rice – 현미밥 hyeonmi-bap
    • cooked sprouted brown rice – 발아현미밥 bara hyeonmi-bap
    • cooked glutinous rice – 찰밥 chalbap
    • cooked rice mixed with grains – 잡곡밥 japgok-bap
  • 🌾 flour (in general) – 가루 garu
    • wheat flour – 소맥분 somaekbun / 밀가루 milgaru
    • whole wheat, whole-grain – 통밀 tongmil
    • flour of various grains (cereals and beans) – 미숫가루 misutgaru
    • starch – 전분 jeonbun / 녹말(가루) nokmal-garu
  • 🍞 bread – 빵 ppang
    • 🥖 baguette – 바게트 bageteu
    • 🥖 ciabatta – 치아바타 chi-abata
    • 🍞 toast – 토스트 toseuteu
    • 🥪 sandwich – 샌드위치 saendeuwichi
    • 🍔 burger – 버거 beogeo
  • 🧁 sweet bakery products
    • 🍰 cake – 케이크 ke-ikeu
    • 🥧 tarte – 타르트 tareuteu
    • 🥧 pie – 파이 pa-i
    • 🧁 muffin – 머핀 meopin
    • 🍩 donut, doughnut – 도넛 doneot / 도너츠 doneocheu
    • 🍪 cookie – 쿠키 kuki
  • 🍡 Korean rice cakes – 떡 tteok
  • 🍕 pizza – 피자 pija
  • 🍜 noodles – 국수 guksu / 면 myeon
    • 🍜 ramen noodles – 라면 ramyeon
    • hand-cut noodles – 칼국수 kalguksu
    • hand-pulled noodles – 수타면 sutamyeon
    • hand-torn noodles – 수제비 sujebi
    • 🍝 pasta – 파스타 paseuta
    • 🥟 dumplings – 만두 mandu
  • 🥞 pancake – 팬케이크 paen-ke-ikeu / 핫케익 hatke-ik
  • 🥞 waffle – 와플 wapeul
  • 🥣 breakfast cereal – 시리얼 siri-eol
  • 🥣 oatmeal – 오트밀 oteumil
  • 🍿 popcorn – 팝콘 papkon
  • 🍿 Korean-style puffed grains – 뻥튀기 ppeong-twigi
    • Korean-style puffed corn – 옥수수 뻥튀기 oksusu-ppeong-twigi
    • Korean-style puffed rice – 쌀뻥튀기 ssal-ppeong-twigi
  • 🍵 cereal teas
    • green tea with roasted brown rice – 현미녹차 hyeonmi-nokcha
    • tea from ground Job’s tears – 율무차 yulmucha
    • buckwheat tea – 메밀차 memil-cha
    • roasted barley tea – 볶은보리 bokkeun bori / 보리차 boricha
    • roasted corn tea – 옥수수차 oksusucha
  • 🍶 other cereal-based drinks
    • 🍺 beer – 맥주 maekju
    • 🍶 Korean rice wine, rice beer – 막걸리 makgeoli
    • 🍺 malt – 엿기름 yeotgireum

🥛Common products based on soy and other pulses 🌶🍮

  • 🥛 soy milk – 두유 duyu
  • 🥛 thick soy broth – 콩물 kongmul [e.g. for Kong-guksu]
  • 🍮 tofu – 두부 dubu
    • silk tofu – 순두부 sundubu
    • soft tofu – 연두부 yeondubu
    • firm tofu – 단단한 두부 dandanhan dubu
  • tempeh – 템페 tempe
  • roasted soy bean powder – (볶은)콩가루 (bokkeun) kong-garu [e.g. in Injeolmi]
  • soy sauce – 간장 ganjang
  • Korean-style fermented bean paste – 된장 doenjang
  • 🌶 Korean-style fermented chili paste – 고추장 gochujang
  • 🌶 seasoning paste with doenjang and gochujang – 쌈장 ssamjang
  • Korean-style fermented bean paste – 청국장 cheonggukjang
  • block of fermented soy beans (ingredient in Korean pastes) – 메주 meju

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✍️ Work is still in progress! This list will be expanded gradually! ✍️

📝 Any questions, comments, vocabulary suggestions and language feedback are welcome! 🤗

Spelling of Korean pronunciation follows the system of Revised Romanization.

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