The most common animal-based ingredients in Korean

Below vocabulary list provides the names of common animal-based food ingredients in Korean language. 🗒🐮🇰🇷🇰🇵

Advertisement at a traditional Korean market in Seoul 2019. What’s on sale?

Hopefully it helps when checking the ingredient list on food labels 📝,
while generally studying Korean 📚,
with identifying unknown foods 🔍 or
in communicating what you want to (not) eat/consume/purchase. 🙅‍♂️🍽🙆‍♀️

There is an endless diversity of animals and animal-derived products, which appear in Korean food culture as well as traditional medicine. This list cannot contain all of them but aims to mention the most common ones as well as noteworthy cases. ❗️ If you find that there is an important item missing, please let me know! 🙏 Comment below or send me a message!

The following words are sorted by origin of ingredient – in other words, by type of animal. 🐂🐖🐑🐓🐟🦐🐛

If you’d rather know about plant-related foods, how about vegetables🥕 or fruit🍌?

Names of animal-based ingredients in Korean

animal-based ingredients 동물성 재료 動物性材料 dongmulseong jaeryo

🐖🐄🐑 Mammals / so-called “Red Meat” 고기류 🍖🥩🥓

  • class of so-called “red meat” – 고기류 gogi-ryu
  • common “red meats”
    • 🐄 beef – 소고기 sogogi / 쇠고기 soegogi
    • 🐂 Korean-raised beef – 한우 韓牛 hanu
    • 🐖 pork – 돼지고기 dwaeji-gogi / 돈육 豚肉 donyuk (Sino-Korean)
    • 🐑 mutton – 양고기 羊 yang-gogi
    • 🐐 goat meat – 염소고기 yeomso-gogi
    • 🐕 dog meat – 개고기 gae-gogi
    • 🐇 rabbit meat – 토끼고기 tokki-gogi
  • 🥓 products derived from meat and other body parts
    • 🐖 ham – 햄 haem 🥓
    • 🐖 spam – 스팸 seupaem
    • 🐄/🐖 sausage – 소시지 sosiji 🌭
    • 🐖 Korean blood sausage – 순대 sundae
    • 🐄/🐖 organs, guts, intestines – 내장 內臟 naejang
      • 🐄/🐖 lung – 허파 heopa / 폐 pye
      • 🐄/🐖 liver – 간 gan
      • 🐄/🐖 small intestine (normally cut in rings) – 곱창 gopchang
      • heart – 염통 念桶 yeomtong / 심장 心臟 simjang ❤️
    • 🐖 pig’s feet – 족발 jokbal
    • 🐖 lard – 라드 radeu
    • 🐄 beef tallow, suet – 우지 牛脂 uji
    • 🐄 Korean-style beef jerky – 육포 yukpo 🥓
    • 🐄 raw beef – 육회 yukhoe
    • 🐄/🐖 gelatin – 젤라틴 jelatin
    • 🐄/🐖 stock, broth (often based on animal) – 육수 肉水 yuksu
    • 🐄 stock from cow bones – 사골육수 sagol=yuksu
    • 🐕 stew with dog meat – 보신탕 bosintang / 개장국 gaejang-tang

🐓🦃🦆 Poultry and other fowl 가금류 🥪🍟🍗

  • class of poultry and other fowl – 가금류 gageumnyu
  • 🐓 chicken (meat) – 닭(고기) dak(gogi)
    • 🐓 fried chicken – 치킨 🍗 chikin
    • 🐓 chicken feet – 닭발 dakbal
    • 🐓 똥집 ttongjip
  • 🦆 duck (meat) – 오리(고기) ori(gogi)
  • 🦆 goose (meat) – 거위(고기) geowi(gogi)
  • 🐥 quail – 메추리 mechuri
  • 🐥 sparrow meat – 참새(고기) chamsae(gogi)
  • 🦃 turkey – 칠면조 chilmyeonjo
  • 🐓 pheasant – 꿩 kkwong

🐟🐠🐡 Fish 어류 🍣🍥🍢

  • class of fish – 어류 eo-ryu
  • 🐠 fish – alive, not for consumption – 물고기 mulgogi
  • 🐟 fish – for consumption – 생선 saengseon
  • 🐟 common fish species which are consumed in Korea
    • anchovy – 멸치 myeolchi
    • salmon – 연어 yeon-eo
    • tuna – 참치 chamchi / 다랑어 darang-eo / 가다랑어 gadarang-eo
    • mackerel – 고등어 godeun-eo
    • Japanese amberjack (Seriola quinqueradiata) – 방어 bang-eo
    • trout – 송어 song-eo
    • cod – 대구 daegu
    • 🐡 pufferfish – 복어 bogeo
    • anglerfish, monkfish – 아구 agu
    • butterfish – 병어 byeong-eo
    • flounder – 광어 gwang-eo
    • hairtail – 갈치 galchi
    • eel – 장어 jang-eo
    • stingray – 가오리 ga-ori
    • (thornback) ray, skate – 홍어 洪魚 hong-eo
    • 🦈shark – 상어 sang-eo
  • 🍢 substances derived from fish
    • 🍣 raw fish, sashimi style – (생선)회 (saengseon) hoe
    • 🍣 Japanese-style sushi – 초밥 chobap
    • 🍥 fish cake (sometimes on a stick) – 어묵 eomuk / 오뎅 odeng
    • 🍢 fish cake on a stick – 핫바 hatba
    • 🦀 crab meat imitation, surimi – 게맛살 gematsal
    • 🥚 fish roe – 어란 魚卵 eoran / 생선알 saengseon-al
      • flying fish roe – 날치알 nalchi-al
    • dried seafood and dried fish – 건어물 乾魚物 geon-eomul
    • Korean fish jerky – 쥐포 jwipo
    • fermented fish sauce – 젓갈 jeotgal / 액젓 aekjeot
    • fermented fish sauce from anchovy – 멸치 액젓 myeolchi aekjeot
    • fermented fish sauce from sand lance – 까나리 액젓 kkanari aekjeot
    • stock made from anchovy – 멸치 다시물 myeolchi dasimul

🐚🦀🐙 Seafood 해산물 🦞🍤🦑

  • seafood – 해산물 haesanmul
  • 🦀 crustaceans – 갑각류 gapgak-ryu
    • crab – 게 ge
    • shrimp – 새우 sae-u
    • lobster – 럽스터 reopseuteo
  • 🐙 cephalopods / cuttlefish
    • squid, sepia – 오징어 ojing-eo
    • octopus – 문어 mun-eo
    • small octopus – 낙지 nakji
  • 🐚 molluscs like clams and mussels – 조개류 jogae-ryu
    • oyster – 굴 gul
    • cockle – 꼬막 kkomak
    • blue mussel – 홍합 honghap
    • abalone – 전복 jeonbok
    • 바지락 bajirak
  • 🐌 gastropods, (sea) snails
    • 소라 sora
    • 고둥 godung
    • 다슬기 daeseulgi
    • 골뱅이 golbaengi
  • 🦂 other marine creatures
    • sea cucumber – 해삼 haesam
    • sea urchin – 성게 seong-ge
    • sea squirt, sea pineapple (Halocynthia roretzi) – 멍게 🍍 meong-ge
    • spoon worm, “penis fish” (Urechis unicinctus) – 개불 gaebul
  • 🍤 Substances derived from seafood
    • 🦑 dried seafood and dried fish – 건어물 乾魚物 geon-eomul
    • 🦐 fermented shrimp sauce (for seasoning) – 새우젓 sae-ujeot
    • 🐚 shell powder – 조개껍질 jogae-kkepjil / 패각칼슘 貝殼 paegak-kalsyum

🐝🐛🦋 Insects 곤충 🍯💄🍹

  • class of insects – 곤충류 昆蟲類 gonchungnyu
  • insect – 곤충 昆蟲 gonchung
  • 🐛 silk worm pupa – 번데기 beondegi
  • 🐝 honey bee – 꿀벌 kkul beol
  • 🍯 substances derived from insects
    • 🐝 wax – 밀랍 milap
    • 🐝 honey – 꿀 kkul
    • 🐞 shellac – 쉘락 swelak
    • 🐞 carmine, cochineal – 카민 💄 kamin
    • 🐛 silk – 비단🧵 bidan

🐢🦌🦂 Other animals 기타동물 🕷🕸🐍

  • 🐢 soft-shell turtle – 자라 jara
  • 🦌 deer horn, antler – 사슴뿔 saseum-ppul / 녹각 鹿角 nogak
  • 🐛 centipede – 지네 jine
  • 🐍 snake liquor – 뱀술 baemsul

🐔🥚🍳 Eggs 난류 🍮🥞🍰

  • types of eggs – 난류 卵類 nannyu
  • 🥚 chicken egg – 계란 鷄卵 gyeran / 달걀 dalgyal
  • 🥚 duck egg – 오리알 ori-al
  • 🥚 quail egg – 메추리알 mechuri-al
  • 🍳 Substances derived from eggs
    • egg yolk – 난황 卵黃 nanhwang
    • egg shell powder – 난각분말 卵殼粉末 nan-gakbunmal
    • mayonnaise – 마요네즈 mayonejeu

🐮🥛🧀 Dairy 유제품 🍨🧁🍦

  • dairy – 유제품 乳製品 yujepum
  • 🥛 milk – 우유 牛乳 uyu
  • butter – 버터 beoteo
  • 🥣 yogurt – 요구르트 yogureuteu
  • 🍰 whipped cream – 생크림 saeng-keurim
  • 🧀 cheese – 치즈 chijeu
  • 🥛 condensed milk – 연유 煉乳 yeonyu
  • Substances derived from dairy
    • whey – 유청 乳淸 yucheong
    • whey powder – 유청분말 乳淸粉末 yucheong-bunmal
    • milk sugar, lactose – 유당 乳糖 yudang

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✍️ Work is still in progress! This list will be expanded gradually! ✍️

📝 Any questions, comments, vocabulary suggestions and language feedback are welcome! 🤗

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