Language of Food

In addition to people with dietary restrictions or personal preferences, this page is aimed at learners of ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ทKorean language๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ต, Korean foodies interested in improving their ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡งEnglish skills๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ and anyone fascinated by ๐Ÿฅขfood culture๐Ÿด in general.

๐Ÿ“ Any questions, comments, vocabulary suggestions and language feedback are welcome! ๐Ÿค—

As a short overview, here are the most necessary phrases and words regarding food:

Basic words

  • chaesik ju-eui-ja ์ฑ„์‹์ฃผ์˜์ž – vegetarian ๐Ÿฅ•
  • wanjeon chaesik ju-eui-ja / bigeon ์™„์ „์ฑ„์‹์ฃผ์œ„๊ฐ€ / ๋น„๊ฑด – vegan ๐Ÿฅ•๐Ÿฅฆ
  • gogi ๊ณ ๊ธฐ – meat๐Ÿฅฉ
  • saengseon ์ƒ์„  ็”Ÿ้ฎฎ – fish๐ŸŸ
  • haesanmul ํ•ด์‚ฐ๋ฌผ ๆตท็”ฃ็‰ฉ – seafood๐Ÿฆ
  • yujepum ์œ ์ œํ’ˆ ไนณ่ฃฝๅ“ – dairy๐Ÿฅ›๐Ÿง€
  • gyeran ๊ณ„๋ž€ – egg๐Ÿฅš๐Ÿณ
  • ggul ๊ฟ€ – honey๐Ÿ๐Ÿฏ

  • uyu ์šฐ์œ  – milk ๐Ÿฅ›
  • myeolchi ๋ฉธ์น˜ – anchovy๐ŸŸ
  • jeotgal ์ “๊ฐˆ – fish sauce๐ŸŸ
  • jogae ์กฐ๊ฐœ – shellfish, clams ๐Ÿš
  • sora ์†Œ๋ผ – ๐Ÿš
  • sae-u ์ƒˆ์šฐ – shrimp ๐Ÿฆ
  • ge ๊ฒŒ – crab ๐Ÿฆ€
  • ojingeo ์˜ค์ง•์–ด – squid ๐Ÿฆ‘
  • muneo ๋ฌธ์–ด – octopus๐Ÿ™
  • so gogi ์‡ ๊ณ ๊ธฐ – beef ๐Ÿ„
  • doeji gogi ๋ผ์ง€๊ณ ๊ธฐ – pork ๐Ÿ–
  • dak gogi ๋‹ญ๊ณ ๊ธฐ – chicken meat ๐Ÿ“
  • ori gogi ์˜ค๋ฆฌ๊ณ ๊ธฐ – duck meat ๐Ÿฆ†
  • yang gogi ์–‘๊ณ ๊ธฐ – mutton ๐Ÿ‘
  • gae gogi ๊ฐœ๊ณ ๊ธฐ – dog meat ๐Ÿ•

Simple phrases

  • Chaesik ju-eui-ja yeyo. ์ฑ„์‹์ฃผ์˜์ž์˜ˆ์š”. I am a vegetarian. ๐Ÿฅ•
  • Chaesik haeyo. ์ฑ„์‹ํ•ด์š”. I eat vegetarian food. ๐Ÿฅ•
  • Jeoneun gogi, saengseon ina haesanmul mot meogeoyo. ์ €๋Š” ๊ณ ๊ธฐ, ์ƒ์„ ์ด๋‚˜ ํ•ด์‚ฐ๋ฌผ ๋ชป๋จน์–ด์š”. I cannot eat meat, fish or seafood. ๐Ÿšซ๐Ÿฅฉ๐ŸŸ๐Ÿฆ
  • Jeoneun yujepum, gyeran ina ggul mot meogeoyo. ์ €๋Š” ์œ ์ œํ’ˆ, ๊ณ„๋ž€์ด๋‚˜ ๊ฟ€ ๋ชป๋จน์–ด์š”. I cannot eat dairy, egg or honey. ๐Ÿšซ๐Ÿฅ›๐Ÿง€๐Ÿฅš๐Ÿณ๐Ÿ๐Ÿฏ

Common phrases of Korean food culture:

  • Jal meok-gessimnida! ์ž˜ ๋จน๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. I will eat well. (said BEFORE the beginning of the meal. Similar to the ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ทFrench “Bon appetit” or ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ชGerman “Guten Appetit”.)
  • Jal meo-geossimnida! ์ž˜ ๋จน์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. I have eaten well. (said AFTER the meal.)
  • Manhi deuseyo! ๋งŽ์ด ๋“œ์„ธ์š”! Please help yourself! [literally ‘Please eat a lot!’]
    (normally said by the host)
  • Masikke deuseyo! ๋ง›์žˆ๊ฒŒ ๋“œ์„ธ์š”! Please enjoy the food!
    ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ชGerman “Lass es dir schmecken / Lassen Sie es sich schmecken” (normally said by the host)