The most extensive list of vegetables in Korean

You may know already how to read and spell animal-based ingredients in Korean, so how about studying plant-based foods now? Here’s essential Korean vocabulary regarding vegetables! 👇 [Don’t like veggies?! 😱IMPOSSIBLE! But how about fruits? Or cereals, beans, mushrooms, seaweed, nuts or seasonings?] Btw, if you don’t know how to read Korean yet, here’s a free and easy guide to learning the alphabet!

There are SOOOOO many veggies to eat! 🍆🤗🥦 And Korean cuisine features a great diversity of edible plants! Why not discover the taste of new and native vegetables as well as wild herbs, when you have a chance?! If you know some Korean, you can order your veggie-friendly food, enjoy grocery shopping and enjoy getting your share of daily vegetables much more easily~ 💚🥕

Below vocabulary list provides the names of vegetables in Korean language. 🗒🥦🇰🇷🇰🇵 The following words are ordered by “type of vegetable” (?) while considering what part of the plant is consumed, e.g. root or rhizome🥕, botanical fruit🌶 or leaves🌿.

The list may not contain the name of every vegetable or edible plant that exists on our planet, but it aims to represent the common, globally known vegetables🌎 as well as typical Korean 🇰🇷vegetables🇰🇵! It is currently the longest and most extensive list of vegetables in Korean. Is YOUR favorite vegetable missing? Is there a Korean name for it? ❓ Feel free to let me know! ❗️ Comment below or send me a message!

If you want to be able to talk about vegetables in Korean, then you need to learn how to read, spell and write vegetable names, right? First and foremost, however, you ought to know that there are several Korean words which translate to “vegetable”! 👇

yachae 야채 野菜

chaeso 채소 菜蔬

namsae 남새
(more common in North Korea🇰🇵)

In contemporary South Korea🇰🇷, the words yachae 야채 and chaeso 채소 can be used interchangeably, but 야채 seems to be more frequent in spoken language and 채소 in written language. So it’s best to know both! 😉

Note how in Korea, there are precise names for certain types of vegetables and you can specify exactly e.g. what size and shape of scallion or chili peppers you are referring to! There are also regional differences due to dialects, which this list can hardly reflect in detail.

So let’s get started and take a look at the various kinds of vegetables and the names of edible plants in Korean! 🔍👀

⚠️ UPDATE: There are now pictures of food items along with the respective Korean name, pronunciation and English translation. Find the slideshows below!👇

Various vegetables sold at a traditional Korean market in Seoul, 2019.

Names of vegetables in Korean

plant-based ingredients 식물성 재료 植物性材料 sikmulseong jaeryo

🌶 vegetables that grow as fruit 🥒🍆

  • 🥑 avocado – 아보카도 abokado
  • bell pepper – 피망 pimang
  • 🌶 chili pepper – 고추 gochu
    • spicy (green) chili pepper – 청양고추 cheong-yang-gochu
    • small, slightly spicy green chili pepper – 꽈리고추 kkwari-gochu
    • large, non-spicy green chili pepper – 오이고추 o-i-gochu
  • 🌽 corn – 옥수수 oksusu
  • 🥒 cucumber – 오이 o-i
    • light green Korean cucumber – 백오이 baek-o-i
    • large, brown-colored Korean cucumber – 노각 nogak
  • 🍆 eggplant – 가지 gaji
  • olive – 올리브 ollibeu
  • 🎃 pumpkin – 호박 hobak
    • sweet pumpkin – 단호박 dan-hobak
    • mature orange pumpkin – 늙은호박 neulgeun-hobak
    • young Korean pumpkin – 애호박 ae-hobak
    • green Korean pumpkin – 조선호박 joseon-hobak
    • zucchini – 주키니 jukini
    • calabash, gourd – 박 bak
  • 🍅 tomato – 토마토 tomato [actually considered as fruit in Korea!]
    • large, pink tomato – 찰토마토 chal-tomato
    • cherry tomato – 방울토마토 bangul-tomato
    • date tomato – 대추토마토 daechu-tomato

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added continuously!

🥕 underground vegetables / roots & tubers 🥔🍠

  • root vegetables in general – 뿌리채소 ppuri chaeso
  • beetroot, red beet – 비트 biteu
  • 🥕 carrot – 당근 唐根 dang-geun
  • radish – 무 mu / 무우 mu-u
    • young radish – 열무 yeolmu
    • ponytail radish – 총각무 chong-gakmu / 알타리무 altarimu
    • turnip, reddish and round radish – 순무 sunmu
  • 🥔 potato – 감자 gamja (Jeju-do dialect: 지슬 jiseul)
  • 🍠 sweet potato – 고구마 goguma
  • ginseng – 인삼 人蔘 insam
  • ginger – 생강 生薑 saeng-gang
  • myoga, myoga ginger, Japanese ginger (Zingiber mioga) – 양하 襄荷 yang-ha / 양애 yang-ae
  • 🧅 common onion, bulb onion (Allium cepa) – 양파 yangpa
  • scallion / spring onion – 파 pa
  • 🧄 garlic (Allium sativum) – 마늘 maneul
  • Korean wild garlic, Siberian onion (Allium ochotense) – 명이 茗荑 myeongi / 산마늘 san-maneul
  • garlic chives (Allium tuberosum) – 부추 buchu 韭菜 (Jeollanam Province dialect: 소불 sobul)
  • Korean wild chives (Allium monanthum) – 달래 dallae
  • lotus root – 연근 蓮根 yeon-geun
  • bell flower root (Platycodon grandiflorus) – 도라지 doraji
  • lance asiabell root (Codonopsis lanceolata) – 더덕 deodeok
  • Chinese yam, Chin. shānyào 山药 , Jap. nagaimo 山藥 (Dioscorea polystachya) – 마 ma
    • straight, long variety of Chinese yam – 장마 jangma
    • short variety of Chinese yam – 산마 sanma / 단마 danma
    • bulbils of Chinese yam, Chin. shanyao dou 山药豆 or shanyao dan 山药蛋 – 마씨앗 ma-ssiat / 마씨 ma-ssi
  • burdock root, Chin. niúbàng (牛蒡), Jap. gobō (ゴボウ) (Arctium lappa) – 우엉 u-eong
  • taro – 토란 土卵 toran
  • 🥔 topinambur, Jerusalem artichoke – 돼지감자 dwaeji gamja (lit. “pig potato”)
  • yacón (Smallanthus sonchifolius) – 야콘 yakon
  • knotroot, crosne, Chinese artichoke, Japanese artichoke, artichoke betony (Stachys affinis) – 초석잠 草石蠶 choseokjam

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added continuously!

🌿 leafy vegetables / greens 🥦🥬

  • leaf vegetables in general – 잎채소 ip-chaeso
  • 🥦 broccoli – 브로콜리 beurokolli
  • napa cabbage, Chinese cabbage – 배추 baechu
    • dark outer leaves of napa cabbage – 우거지 ugoeji (sometimes also radish)
    • white inner leaves of napa cabbage – 알백이 albaegi / 알배기 (배추) albaegi (baechu)
    • flat variety of napa cabbage – 봄동 bomdong
    • thin variety of napa cabbage – 얼갈이 (배추) eolgari (baechu)
  • cabbage – 양배추 yang-baechu
  • red cabbage – 적양배추 jeok-yangbaechu / 적채 赤菜 jeokchae
  • brussel sprouts – 미니양배추 mini yang-baechu / 방울양배추 bangul yang-baechu
  • spinach – 시금치 sigeumchi
    • Korean variety of spinach (from Bigeum Island 비금도) – 섬초 seomcho
  • 🥬 lettuce – 상추 sangchu
    • iceberg lettuce / head lettuce – 양상추 yang-sangchu / 결구상추 結球 gyeolgu-sangchu
    • romaine lettuce – 로메인상추 romein-sangchu
    • celtuce, stem lettuce, Chinese lettuce – 줄기상추 julgi-sangchu
  • 🥬 chicory leaves – 치커리 chikeori
  • 🥬 kale – 케일 ke-il
  • kohlrabi – 콜라비 kollabi
  • cauliflower – 콜리플라워 kollipeullawo / 꽃양배추 kkot-yangbaechu
  • green bean – 그린빈 geurin-bin / 프렌치빈 peurenchi-bin
  • (snow pea – 스위트피 seu-witeu-pi)
  • celery – 셀러리 selleori
  • 🌿 Korean water celery – 미나리 minari
  • aloe – 알로에 alloe
  • bok choy, pak choi (Brassica rapa subsp. chinensis) – 청경채 靑莖菜 cheong-gyeong-chae
  • tat choy, tatsoi (Brassica rapa subsp. narinosa) 塌菜 – 다채 dachae
  • chard, mangold, silver beet – 근대 geundae
  • vegetable mustard, mustard greens – 갓 gat
  • rapeseed greens – 유채 yuchae
  • 🌿 crown daisy, chrysanthemum greens (Glebionis coronaria) – 쑥갓 ssukgat
  • Chinese mallow, leaves of Malva verticillata – 아욱 a-uk
  • 🌿 vegetable greens in general – 나물 namul
    • taro greens – 토란대 toran-dae
    • radish greens – 무청 mucheong
      • dried radish greens – 시래기 siraegi (sometimes also napa cabbage)
    • garlic stems – 마늘쫑 maneul-jjong
    • garlic greens – 풋마늘 put-maneul / 마늘잎 maneulip
    • leaves of wild garlic – 명이나물 myeongi-namul
  • 🌱 wild herbs, mountain herbs – 산나물 san-namul / 산채 山菜 sanchae
    • – 세발나물 sebal-namul
    • stringy stonecrop (Sedum sarmentosum) – 돌나물 dol-namul
    • – 방풍나물 bangpung-namul
    • various plants from the family Aster and Ligularia – 취나물 chwi-namul
    • (Pimpinella brachycarpa) – 참나물 cham-namul
    • 🌿 mugwort – 쑥 ssuk
    • shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) – 냉이 naengi
    • sonchus-leaf crepidiastrum (Crepidiastrum sonchifolium) – 고들빼기
    • Korean dandelion (Taraxacum platycarpum) – 민들레
    • (Ixeridium dentatum) – 씀바귀 sseumbagwi
    • Canadian hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum) – 조밥나물 jobap namul
  • leaves in general = 잎 ip / 잎사기 ipsagi
    • 🍃 perilla leaves – 들깻잎 deulkkaennip / 깻잎 kkaennip
    • mulberry leaves – 뽕잎 ppongnip

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added continuously!

🌱 sprouts, shoots and seedlings 🌱🌱

  • 🌱 sprouts – 새싹 saessak
  • 🌱 microgreens, sprouts without seed and roots (e.g. beetroot, chicory, pak choi) – 어린잎채소 eorinip chaeso / 베이피채소 be-ibi chaeso / 아이순 a-isun
  • radish shoots – 무순 musun
  • buckwheat shoots – 메밀순 memilsun
  • pea shoots, Chin. dòumiáo 豆苗 – 완두순 豌豆筍 wandusun
  • 🌱 mung bean sprouts – 숙주나물 sukju-namul / 녹두나물 nokdu-namul
  • 🌱 soybean sprouts – 콩나물 kong-namul
  • 🎍 bamboo shoots – 대나무순 daenamusun / 죽순 竹筍 juksun
  • 🌿 bracken shoots, fiddlehead fern – 고사리 gosari
  • 🌿 shoots of Korean angelica tree (Aralia elata) – 두릅(나물) dureup (namul)
  • 🌿 shoots of Chinese lacquer tree (Toxicodendron vernicifluum) – 옻순 otsun
  • 🌿 shoots of tree aralia, prickly castor oil tree (Kalopanax septemlobus) – 엄나무순 eom-namusun / 음나무순 eum-namusun
  • 🌿 shoots of Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus – 오가피순 ogapisun / 오갈피순 ogalpisun
  • asparagus – 아스파라거스 aseuparageoseu

⚠️ For quick learning and easy remembering: Here’s a slideshow illustrating the vocabulary! 👇 More images will be added continuously!

🥗 common vegetable foods 🍟🥣

  • 🥗 salad – 샐러드 saelleodeu
  • 🥗 vegetable side dish – 나물반찬 namul banchan
  • 🌿 dried vegetables and herbs – 묵은나물 mugeun namul / 진채 陳菜 jinchae / / 건나물 乾 geon namul
  • 🥣 vegetable broth – 채수 chaesu / 채소국물 chaeso gungmul
  • 🍟 fried vegetables – 야채튀김 yachae twigim

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✍️ Work is still in progress! This list will be expanded gradually! ✍️

📝 Any questions, comments, vocabulary suggestions and language feedback are welcome! 🤗

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